The course will examine issues relating to Greek Architecture (as the Archaic period extends to the Hellenistic period), such as the influence of Near Eastern and Aegean civilizations, materials, techniques, orders, as well as the character of the new Greek-cities and their different buildings. Special emphasis will be given to the art of sculpture. The course will also survey the development of Roman Art and Architecture (Republican and Imperial). It will discuss Roman genius in certain architectural and artistic fields such as theaters, baths, houses, wall paintings (frescoes), high reliefs, portraits, etc. Special attention will be given to early church building and decoration as a result of the spread of Christianity in the Mediterranean world.