The class focuses on the results of the Greek conquest of the east and the fusion of the Greek and Oriental Culture. Additionally, it sheds light on the Greek influence on architecture, visual arts and style of life in Southern Syria, as well as the political and cultural struggles in the region (the Seleucids, Polemics, Nabateans, Maccabees). Furthermore, the course discusses the Roman rule in Southern Syria (Palestine and Jordan) and its general characteristics. The course also deals with third century crises and the rise of the power of the Byzantines (Eastern parts of the Roman Empire), the spread of Christianity at an accelerated pace and the development of church building in Jordan and Palestine from the domes ecclesia to the larger basilicas, and the decoration of church architecture (mosaic, fresco.).