The course deals with studying the Islamic archaeological sites and locations in southern Syria/Bilad al-Sham (i.e. Palestine and Jordan). Additionally, the course focuses on the origins of Islamic art and architecture and their characteristics. The course also covers the most important examples of archaeological sites, such as the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, as well as the palaces of Almafjar and Al-Minya in Palestine. All Islamic palaces in the Badia of Jordan, such as Q. Amra , Harana , Castal , Halabat , and medieval Castale of Ajlun , Karak , Shoubak , Aqaba , and Azraq will be included .