The Archaeology Museum was established in 1962, the same year in which the University of Jordan was established. Since its founding, the museum has been continuously expanding its collection. The objects in the museum are gathered from two main sources: The Department of Antiquities, and the excavations carried out by the Archaeology Department (Faculty of Archaeology and Tourism) in a number of sites, including: Tell Siran, Jerash, Petra, Tell al-Mazar, Tell Nimren, Yajuz, Rujum el-Kursi, Wadi al Yutum and Magass (Aqaba), Tell Abu es-Sawwan ,Tell es-Sukhnah and Ein al-Beida (Amman).
The museum's collections are organized in chronological order, extending from pre-historic periods up to the late Islamic periods. They summarize the history of Jordan and reflect the experiences of its people.
The museum houses the necessary facilities and equipment to support its academic and educational goals. The museum works in collaboration with the Department of Cultural Resources Management and Conservation to, clean , restore and maintain artifacts .
The Museum and its outdoor plaza are opened for researchers, students an visitors during the working hours of the University.