The course includes introducing the students to classical periods in Jordanian, Hellinistic, Roman and Byzantinian. The course also includes the study of the history, architecture and artistic achievements which took place during the classical periods, particularly from archaeological sites. The classical culture in Jordan will be illustrated and students will learn background about the classical periods.
The course provides students with general information about Islamic history, architecture, and art during the various Islamic periods, e.g. 636 A.D – 1916 A.D. The course will illustrate that the culture of Jordan during the Islamic periods was a part of the cultural unit of Bilad Al-Sham.
The course introduces archaeology students to the development of archaeology as a discipline, major intellectual trends, and presents current scientific, historical, and humanistic viewpoints. In addition, it demonstrates the archaeological methods of excavation, stratigraphy recording and registering. Moreover, the course focuses on the importance of material culture, such as inscriptions, coins, pottery, architecture, etc.
The course covers ancient Mesopotamia (i.e. Iraq and Jezira) and the cultures, civilizations, and political and social developments of Upper Mesopotamia (i.e. Syro-Mesopotamia) and Lower Mesopotamia (i.e. Babylonia/Iraq), with a special attention placed on Sumar, Akkad, Babylonia and Assyria.
The course studies the history of cultural development and archaeological sites of northern Geographic Syria (Bilad al-Sham), concentrating on Syria and Lebanon from pre-historic periods to the ancient historic (Bronze and Iron) periods. Moreover, this course elucidates the historical and cultural ties between north and south Geographic Syria.
The course focuses on the development of Egyptian civilization and culture with a special emphasis on the material remains, as well as historical events that played a great role in making them. The course covers the pre-historical/pre-dynastic times and ancient Egyptian Kingdoms (Old, Middle, and New). Moreover, the course tracks the effect of Egyptian civilization and culture on the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean basin and the Near East.
The course focuses on the historical and cultural developments of the Arabian Peninsula from earliest pre-historic periods to the Islamic periods. Furthermore, the course discusses the history of archaeological activities. It also highlights the center sites of civilization in southern Arabia (Yemen) and other areas.
The course focuses on the origins of pottery-making from the pre-pottery Neolithic period (P.P.N.) to the beginning of the Hellenistic period. The course illustrates the characteristics of pottery according to time and location. In addition, it is supplemented by practical examination of museum materials. Geographic Syria (Bilad al-Sham) will be the main area of focus, as it manufactured and contains the earliest examples of pottery manufacturing in the world, if not some of the earliest. Historical-political, social, and economic factors of the ancient historical periods (Bronze and Iron ages) will be covered to understand their effects on pottery making.
The course focuses on studying southern Geographic Syria (Bilad al-Sham) (Palestine and Jordan) from the earliest prehistoric periods to the end of the Iron Age, with focusing on the political and cultural development of the area regarding the local states during the Bronze and Iron ages.
The course focuses on studying ancient languages in terms of their historical, archaeological, morphological, syntactic and other grammatical features. Special attention with be paid to the basic grammar, alphabets, and knowledge of reading, writing, and translating of ancient inscriptions, biblical, and modern texts, as well as Samaritan texts.
The course deals with the history and civilization of the Nabataeans from their early existence to the end of their political dominance (106 C.E.). This study levers their religion, writings, coins, pottery, art and architecture. The course also covers the relations of the Nabataeans with their neighbors and their commercial importance.
The course will examine issues relating to Greek Architecture (as the Archaic period extends to the Hellenistic period), such as the influence of Near Eastern and Aegean civilizations, materials, techniques, orders, as well as the character of the new Greek-cities and their different buildings. Special emphasis will be given to the art of sculpture. The course will also survey the development of Roman Art and Architecture (Republican and Imperial). It will discuss Roman genius in certain architectural and artistic fields such as theaters, baths, houses, wall paintings (frescoes), high reliefs, portraits, etc. Special attention will be given to early church building and decoration as a result of the spread of Christianity in the Mediterranean world.
The class focuses on the results of the Greek conquest of the east and the fusion of the Greek and Oriental Culture. Additionally, it sheds light on the Greek influence on architecture, visual arts and style of life in Southern Syria, as well as the political and cultural struggles in the region (the Seleucids, Polemics, Nabateans, Maccabees). Furthermore, the course discusses the Roman rule in Southern Syria (Palestine and Jordan) and its general characteristics. The course also deals with third century crises and the rise of the power of the Byzantines (Eastern parts of the Roman Empire), the spread of Christianity at an accelerated pace and the development of church building in Jordan and Palestine from the domes ecclesia to the larger basilicas, and the decoration of church architecture (mosaic, fresco.).
The course covers a collective study of Islamic arts and their characteristics, schools, decorative elements, city planning, architecture, sculpture, miniature painting and drawing. The course covers the time from the Umayyad period (in Greatest Syria/Bilad al-Sham Mesopotamia, North Africa, Turkey, Far East and other parts of the great Islamic State/Caliphate) to the end of the Ottoman period.
The course is dedicated to the study of some North-West Semitic inscriptions of the Levantine area and traces its development. For this course some inscriptions could be chosen to be analyzed and studied at the classroom with focus on their language, grammar and relation with other inscriptions in the area.
The course deals with studying the Islamic archaeological sites and locations in southern Syria/Bilad al-Sham (i.e. Palestine and Jordan). Additionally, the course focuses on the origins of Islamic art and architecture and their characteristics. The course also covers the most important examples of archaeological sites, such as the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, as well as the palaces of Almafjar and Al-Minya in Palestine. All Islamic palaces in the Badia of Jordan, such as Q. Amra , Harana , Castal , Halabat , and medieval Castale of Ajlun , Karak , Shoubak , Aqaba , and Azraq will be included .
The course is a survey of various aspects of museology, including museum location, building, methods of display, show cases and display, and labels. In addition, the course focuses on studying the optimum methods of preserving the different collections in the museums and methods of recording them.
The course teaches ethno archaeology as using ethnographic observations of traditional contemporary societies to explain cultural material in archaeological record. This type of study encourages a search for linkages between old and modern human behavior. Also, it helps students to draw useful analogies between past and present cultures which adapted to similar environments and in similar ways.
The course focuses on the use of geological concepts, methods, and knowledge towards the solution of archaeological problems. Geology and archaeology are both historical sciences based largely on a complex stratigraphy which embraces mineral fossils and cultural remains in a spatial and implicitly chronological context that is used to reconstruct the succession of events that produced the sedimentary record.
The course deals with the background, history and architecture of each city of the Decapolis. The course sheds a light on the geographical distribution of these cities and the reasons behind their establishment. Moreover, the course tries to shed more light on the results of archaeological excavations carried out in the cities of the Decapolis.
The course is dedicated to the study of the architectural remains of the Levantine area during the Bronze and Iron Ages. Attention is given to the study of the archaeological characteristics, different types and plans of the remains, as well as tries to trace the architectural development and origin of the architecture during the Bronze and Iron periods.
The course surveys the art and architecture of the Mediterranean world from the rise of Christianity within the Roman Empire in the 2nd and 3rd centuries to the fall of the Byzantine Empire to the Turks in 1453. The course will examine developments in Byzantine architecture, frescoes, mosaics, icon paintings, etc. Students will learn to identify works of art and architecture and to analyze them in terms of their context and style.