Seven seasons (1998-2008) of archaeological Survey and Excavations in Wadi al-Yutum and Magass area (ASEYM) have been so far conducted at Tell Magass and Hujayrat al-Ghuzlan and the surrounded area, both sites are located about 4 km north of the coastline of Aqba Gulf.
ASEM is a joint project between the Department of Archaeology –Institute of Archaeology, University of Jordan in Amman and Orientabteilung des Deutschen archaeologischen Instituts in Berlin, in cooperation with the Department of Antiquities of Jordan.
During the excavations, several stones, mud-bricks and mud walls were discovered at both sites, they form architectural units such as buildings, rooms, storage pit and fire installations. In addition, a rich inventory of objects were recovered at both sites such as flint implements and several types of ground stone tools and mace heads, complete pottery vessels of various sizes, pendants and bracelets made of shells. A range of very important copper metallurgical remains were discovered at both sites consisting ore nodules, slag, ceramic crucibles and moulds, metallic prills, lumps, ingots and artifacts.
During the 2004 and 2006 seasons, a very important wall decorations were revealed in the western sector of Tall Hujayrat al-Guzlan (squares F4 and F5), they are abstracted features decorated by finger prints into the soft clay plaster covering the mud-brick walls of a complex called "building D". The decorations illustrate various subjects such as ibex, human figure, human hand impression and unexplained animals.
In 2008 excavation at Hujayrat al-Ghuzlan, five miniature pottery jar – like vessels were discovered close together in square F5. In addition, an important discovery took place in square D6, it is a female figurine made of backed clay, the figurine's head arms are missing, but the lower part of the body is preserved, it is parallel to known examples from predynastic Egypt.
The cultural materials from both sites are date to Chalcolithic period, in addition, the C14 samples from both sites measure Ca. 4000-3400 B.C.
Prof. Dr. Lutfi Khalil.
Tell Abu es Suwwan is located in Jordan on the east side of the old Jarash-Amman highway just before the turn to Ajloun. The University of Jordan conducted its field school at the site in 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008. The excavation demonstrated that Tell Abu es Suwwan was occupied during the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) and Yarmoukian periods. The site is one of the PPNB 'megasites', and the only excavated site north of the Zarqa River. Two substantial buildings were uncovered. One is a large, so-far-unique, squared/rectangular structure with parallel interior walls and three types of stratified plastered floors (red, yellow, and white), recalling the 'grille buildings' at the early Neolithic site of Çayönü, in eastern Anatolia. The other structure, located on the west side of the site, is a small room with mud floors defined by three stone walls.
The first season of excavations at Tell es-Sukhnah in Zarqa district. The work at the site lasted from 21.6-17.8.2009. The director of excavation Dr. Nabil Ali outlined the aims and results of the first season of excavations. He mentioned that this season aims at training the students on the methods and techniques of excavation. Both BA and MA students were engaged in this training course.
The preliminary results of excavations at different parts of the Tell have exposed domestic buildings dated to the Roman and Byzantine periods. These buildings were re-used during the Islamic periods based on studying the pottery sherds. Moreover, in the western part of the Tell, excavations have revealed architecture remains dated to the Bronze Ages. These are represented by a portion of a massive wall and an oval shape building which might be a tower.
This paper presents new evidence for dove breeding in the vicinity of ‘Amman during the late Iron Age. A rescue excavation, carried out by the author between the 3rd and 13th of July 2011, identified an underground dovecote1 (columbarium)2 at the site of ‘Ain al-Baida near Khirbet Musalam. Raising doves for food, as sacrificial animals, for
communication and pleasure or even for magic or oracular prophecies was wide-spread in the ancient world, where man was able to attract wild doves with food and a safe place to nest. What might be considered a “dove cultivation industry” was known in Egypt and the Middle East from as long as agriculture has been practiced. The discovery of an Ammonite dovecote at the site of ‘Ain al-Baida raises
questions concerning the date of similar structures in Jordan.